十大魔鬼动词,2018高考英语至少提高30分!

发表于 讨论求助 2019-12-30 11:43:18

导语

动词(或谓语结构)是句子的灵魂。无论是对话还是段落,对句意的把握很大程度上依赖对句中谓语结构的理解。看似简单、幼稚的小词只要搭配不同,其含义便有天壤之别。正是这种动词的多变性,给我们的解题带来了巨大干扰,因而掌握和突破这些动词显得犹为重要。



1. Catch

catch a cold  感冒;受凉
catch fire  着火;变得流行,火起来
catch hold of  抓住
catch on  流行;领会
catch on to  理解
catch one’s breath喘气;休息
catch one’s eye /attention 引人注目/引起注意
catch sight of  看见
catch up with  赶上



2. Come
come along  过来;进展,发展
come along with  随同
come across  偶尔遇见,偶尔发现
come at  袭击;拜见
come by  从旁走过
come around  到来/苏醒,恢复/改变看法或立场
come around / round to  赞成;同意
come back  回来/想起,记起
come by获得,得到;拜访,串门
come between 离间,使分开,使产生隔阂
come down with  因……而病倒;患…病
come down 流传
come to the point  抓住要点
come into contact with  与……接触
come in for 遭到,受到(责备等):The reporter’s work came in for criticism.
come on  发生,赶快
come off 发生,举行   come off it 别傻了,别闹笑话了,别出洋相了
come out  发行;被告知;结果是;公开宣称
come into operation  启用
come to a standstill  停止
come to a stop  停止;到站
come to an end  结束
come to light  真相大白;显露
come true  梦想成真 
come through 按要求(或期望)做:I asked for their help, and they came through.我向他们求助,他们就帮了我。
come up to达到;符合;不辜负(live up to)
come up with  提出;赶上
come upon 偶然发现(或遇见)
come a long way  取得进展;明显提高
come all the way  远道而来;大老远跑来
come in handy  迟早有用
come into being  诞生,形成
come out of  从(某场所)出来;出自
come to one’s mind  想起
come to think of it  回头想起
come to an agreement  达成协议
come what may  无论如何



3. Do
do a favor  帮忙
do good to  有益于
do harm to  有害于
do damage  使受到损失
do (one) in 使精疲力竭;杀死
do (one) out of 骗取:His partners did him out of his fair share of the money.他的生意伙伴把他该得的那笔钱骗走了。
do away with  废除;去掉 
do (one’s) own thing 做自己最喜欢(最擅长的事)的事
do or die 需要拼命,需要全力以赴
do over  重做,返工;重新装饰(或装修)
do one’s best  竭尽全力



4. Get
get across  穿过;清楚表达;使理解
get accustomed to = get used to  习惯于
get along  进展;相处;度日
get at  暗示;够得着,触及;
get away with  逃脱
get bored doing  厌倦做某事 
get by (勉强)对付过去,(勉强)过活;溜走;勉强过得去
get down to  开始处理;开始认真对待  
get down 使难过
get hurt  受伤
get one’s hopes up  使某人产生希望
get even with  扯平
get going  开始
get hold of  掌握;了解
get in the way  挡道    
get in 进入,被允许进入;到达
get in touch with  与……建立联系
get somewhere/nowhere  有(无)进展
get off the ground  有所进展;突破  
get off 被允许离开;逃脱惩罚,逃避义务;
get on one’s nerves  使……心烦 
get on 和睦相处;变老;继续,继续进行,进步;



5. Go
go about  流传;开始做(复杂的事);继续
go after  追求;追逐
go along 配合:she decided to go along with their plans for the surprise party.
go around  足够供应,谣言流传;四处走动
go beyond  超出;胜过
go back on 违背(诺言等)
go by  凭……判断;顺便拜访
go down  下降;下跌;消肿;被记住(铭记)
go Dutch  各付个的;AA制
go in (into)  详细调查;从事
go in for  赞成;参加(考试);热衷于
go off  消失;变质;爆炸,发出响声
go off on me 对我发脾气
go on with = go ahead  继续
go out  出去;泄密;过时;停止运转,熄灭;约会
go out of one’s way to do sth.不辞辛苦做...
go over  参观;复习;仔细检查;被接受(得到赞许);
go through  通过;经历;完成
go through with 把…进行到底,完成,实现
go steady (和某人)正式确定恋爱关系
go up  上升;增长;上涨 
go under 倒闭,失败,垮掉
go all out  全力以赴;竭尽全力
go out of business  歇业;停业 
go without saying 不用说,不言而喻
on the go 忙个不停的
go through a lot of money  花了很多钱



6. Keep
keep an eye on sth.  照看;密切注视
keep in mind  记住
keep in touch with  与……保持联系
keep pace with  与……同步前进
keep off 避开
keep back 隐瞒(信息),拒不告诉;保留,储存
for keeps 永久地
keep on (doing) 继续(做某事)
keep one’s finger crossed  祝……好运
keep (one’s) eyes open or peeled 密切注视
keep (one’s) head above water (通过持续努力)生存,继续;勉强对付
keep track of  追踪;知道;理解
keep (one’s) sanity 保持镇静
keep up with  跟上;继续
keep up one’s spirits  振作精神
keep cool  保持冷静
keep count on  保持联系
keep sth. in mind  把……记在心上
keep sb. from doing sth  阻止某人做某事
keep(sth.)to oneself  不与人交往;保守某事
keep one’s opinion / idea to oneself  不把想法告诉别人



7. Make
make a fuss  大惊小怪;小题大做
make advances  取得进展
make war 发动战争
make an effort  努力
make a night of it  痛快的玩一晚
make a day of it  做了一整天
make a living  谋生
make a comeback  东山再起
make a face  扮鬼脸 
make away with 拿走,偷走
make a point of  坚持要
make believe 假装,假扮
make certain  肯定;确认
make do 凑合,将就
make ends meet  收支平衡
make friends  交朋友
make for 有利于,有助于
make it  成功
make light of 认为…不重要
make much of 重视
make the deadline  赶上最后期限
make a fortune = make big bucks  挣大钱
make no difference  毫无区别
make a difference 有影响,有关系
make out  辨认出;理解;填写
make off with (迅速)拿走,偷走



8. Put
put an end to = put a stop to  终止
put aside  撇开
put across 沟通,交流,被理解
put away 把……放回原处;收起来
put by 留存,积蓄
put down  把……记下来;镇压;贬低,看不起;
put forward  提出
put off  延期
put into practice  实践
put on  穿上;上演
put sth. in order  把……弄整齐
put to use  使用
put up举起;安顿;参与;建立
put up with  容忍;忍受  
put up to (doing)怂恿,唆使
put out  熄灭;解雇;给…添麻烦,冒犯
put out with  对某人生气
put out by  由于某事而生气
put through to  电话接通 
put over on 欺骗,愚弄



9. Take
take action  采取行动
take advantage of  利用
take after  仿效;(相貌、脾气或性格)与…相似,像
take care of  照顾
take effect  生效
take(sb.)for a ride 欺骗,蒙骗(某人)
take charge of  负责;管理
take in 接待;减小,改小;理解,明白;欺骗
take into account = take account of  把……考虑进去
take into consideration  考虑到
take it easy 不要紧张;慢慢来
take it for granted  把……当成理所当然
take measures = take steps  采取措施;步骤
take off  起飞
take one’s time doing sth.从容不迫做某事
take over  接管;接收
have what it takes 有能力,能够
take part in  参加 take potshots at 拐弯抹角地批评,指桑骂槐
take place  代替;发生,出现
take out sth. on sb.  向某人出气
take turns  轮流
take up占有;着手
take a break  休息,放松
take a close look  仔细看一看



10. Turn
turn around  转身
at every turn 到处,时时
in turn 轮流地→(反义)out of turn
turn down  关小;拒绝
turn in = hand in上交
turn into  把……变成
turn off  关闭
turn away 把(某人)打发走 turn blue/green 冻得青紫/羡慕,嫉妒
turn on  打开
turn over  移交;再三考虑;翻转
turn over a new leaf 改变,(尤指)改过自新
turn to  翻到;转向;求助于
turn(one’s) stomach 使恶心;使作呕
turn up  突然发现;找到;出现      turn up (one’s) nose 拒绝
turn out  结果是;培养;生产;打扮(来自高中英语)

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